Religious Freedom in China, Bitter Winter discussed at the European Academy of Religion

March 6, 2019

A panel in Bologna presents the main issues about religious freedom in China and introduces Bitter Winter to international scholars.

Massimo Introvigne

Launched two years ago, the European Academy of Religion is becoming the largest gathering in Europe of scholars of religions and theologians. The conference of March 4-6 in Bologna, Italy, is being attended by some 1,200 academics and religious activists from all European countries and beyond.

One of the inaugural panels, on March 4, was devoted to What Do We Know About Religion in China? Fake News, Real News, and “Bitter Winter.”

Bitter Winter at European Academy of Religion

“Fake news” became a household name after it was used by Donald Trump in his presidential campaign in 2016. It was also adopted by his opponents to denounce the maneuvers of Trump’s supporters. There is a growing social science literature on fake news, with many, including philosophers Neil Levy, Regina Rini, and Axel Gelfert proposing competing definitions of the concept.

Religion is a fertile ground for fake news. The panel proposed a case study of religion in China, where fake news is spread by governmental sources to justify the persecution of certain groups, but also by religionists attacking their opponents.

The panel discussed the question how we can try to discern fake news from genuine information about religion in China, and introduced Bitter Winter, with presentations, videos, and a practical demonstration of how the website operates.

European Academy of Religion

I discussed the history of religious liberty, or rather its denial, in China and read a paper by Professor Gordon Melton, of Baylor University, Waco, Texas, who arrived only at the end of the session due to a delay in his flight, about the use and abuse of the notion of xie jiao. Rosita Šorytė, an associate editor of Bitter Winter, presented how fake news is influential on decisions denying asylum to refugees of The Church of Almighty God, particularly in South Korea. Arune Kontautaitė, news editor of Bitter Winter, and its Director-in-Charge Marco Respinti explained how Bitter Winter is organized and works, and may be instrumental in fighting fake news, which today targets particularly the Uyghurs, Falun Gong, and The Church of Almighty God. Ms. Kontautaitė provided a lively and much-appreciated demonstration of how users can interact with our website.

the European Academy of Religion

Scholars from Italy, Finland, Spain and Hong Kong attended the event, and participated in a final discussion how Bitter Winter can help the academic community in understanding issues related to the legal regulation of religion in China, religious persecution, and new religious movements there, with scholars from Hong Kong commenting on how fake news about certain religious groups are now increasingly spread there from Mainland China.

Read more

You Shall Have No God Before Marx and Lenin
The Chinese Communist Party is cracking down on its members who secretly believe…

Attended Church 10 Years Ago? No Travel for You
Chinese believers are finding that their travel is being monitored or prohibited…

Solidarity With Persecuted Leads to Persecution
Churches and pastors across China gave support to Early Rain Covenant Church, an…

Faculty and Staff at Universities Fired for Religious Belief
Xiamen University; CREDITS Caiguanhao – CC BY-SA 3.0
The CCP exerts an iron ha…

Go to Source
Author: Massimo Introvigne

Thank you for reading.

Please consider sharing this post on social media.


If you have questions about Christianity or How to Get Saved just scroll down a bit for more information. For starters Christianity is not Behavior Modification but a Heart Transformation.

Unreal Post

Faith, Sine Qua Non

Let's continue the conversation on Facebook!

Your opinion matters! Join the conversation on our Facebook page and speak your mind!

The Good News


Salvation is a FREE GIFT from God. You don’t have to do anything but believe by faith that God sent His only Son Jesus Christ to die for your sins, was buried, and rose from the dead 3 days later.




  1. God declares all mankind sinners and we all fall short of Glory of God. Romans 3:23
  2. The payment for our sin is death. Romans 6:23
  3. But God…because he loved you so much sent His own Son, Jesus Christ, to die in your place, for your sins, was buried, and rose from the dead three days later. 1 Cor 15:1-42cor 5:21

All God asks is that you believe by faith alone in 1, 2, & 3. That you’re a sinner, separated from God but God sent his Son to die for your sins, was buried & rose again 3 days later.

‘that if you confess with your mouth the Lord Jesus and believe in your heart that God has raised Him from the dead, you will be saved. ‘

Romans 10:9

Do You Believe?

You May Also Like…

Get the Prophecy Update read by 79K Every day

Get the Prophecy Update read by 79K Every day

Not just sensational news, we provide applicable scripture to what's going on in the news. Subscribe today!

You have Successfully Subscribed!